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Fleets face increased costs from new vehicle air con gas regulations

Fleets could see increased operating costs as a result of imminent changes in vehicle air conditioning gas regulations.

Mike Smith, joint MD of Fleet Assist

Mike Smith of Fleet Assist said the firm is fully focused on effectively and efficiently managing air conditioning regassing on behalf of its clients

So says Fleet Assist in advance of the January 1 2017 implementation of European Union regulatory changes.

The new rules have been on the table for more than a decade and essentially see the introduction of a new air gas refrigerant known as R1234yf, claimed to be more environmentally-friendly with a lower global warming potential than the gas it replaces, which is known as R134a.

However, Fleet Assist, a supply chain management specialist, is warning that many garages, including some franchised dealers, are not yet equipped to work with the new gas as investment in new servicing equipment is required.

In addition, the new gas is significantly more expensive than the outgoing gas with potential re-gas costs of between £150 and £300 – compared to between £40 and £75 previously – depending on vehicle make and model, the quantity of gas held in the system and labour charges.

Although use of the new gas has been phased in as manufacturers have introduced new models to the market, from January 1, 2017 there is a complete ban on the use of R134a. That means all cars and light vans registered from that date must use the new air conditioning refrigerant in their systems. There is however no requirement to convert cars built to run on R134a to use the new refrigerant, they may legally be recharged with R134a.

To further add to the complexity, manufacturers can apply for a derogation giving them a 12-month grace period to January 1, 2018 before using the new gas, R1234yf. The derogation, which applies to specifically defined models, is primarily designed to allow manufacturers to register “stock” vehicles.

Therefore, the reality is that the new regulations will not be fully inforce until January 1, 2018 when all newly registered cars and light commercial vehicles must use the new gas in their air conditioning systems.

Fleet Assist joint managing director Mike Smith said: “Not only is the new gas causing problems for fleet operators in terms of which service outlets are equipped to work with it and the additional cost, but also in respect of knowing which vehicles have air conditioning systems that use the new gas and those which require the old gas.”

The firm’s research also found that manufacturers have introduced R1234yf at different stages in their vehicle production schedules, as a result there is no clarity. Additionally, unfortunately, the information on which models have been granted derogation for 2017 was not freely available.

Smith added: “It is a hugely complex issue that will inevitably change as the industry progresses through the implementation of the new regulations. Some manufacturers were able to provide Fleet Assist with quite detailed information, whilst others were a little less clear on what was happening within their model ranges.”

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Natalie Middleton

Natalie has worked as a fleet journalist for 16 years, previously as assistant editor on the former Company Car magazine before joining Fleet World in 2006. Prior to this, she worked on a range of B2B titles, including Insurance Age and Insurance Day. As Business Editor, Natalie ensures the group websites and newsletters are updated with the latest news.